Plastic Surgery is a surgical specialty concerned with the correction or restoration of form and function of an organ or part of body. Though it is not restricted to any organ, it mainly deals with the largest organ in the body i.e. skin, along with subcutaneous tissues and superficial bones like those of face which all give form or shape to the body.
If the form or shape of any part of the body is either defective from birth or is damaged by an accident or disease or is removed by surgery, then it is the plastic surgery which tries to restore it back and this type of plastic surgery is known as Reconstructive Surgery. Plastic Surgery includes many types of reconstructive surgeries, as well as subspecialties like hand surgery, microsurgery, treatment of burns and the cosmetic surgery. In a nutshell, plastic surgery tries to bring back the normalcy to an individual.
It is interesting to note that the name ‘Plastic’ has its origin in the Greek word plastikos, which means to form or to mold. The synthetic substance; plastic is also named because of its property to get molded to any desired form easily. Contrary to belief of some, plastic is never used to enhance a part of the body; instead a very pure form of medical grade silicone rubber is often used as an implant in cosmetic surgery of which most widely known example is the breast implant.
Plastic surgery is a special branch of surgery that deals with person's appearance and ability to function. Plastic surgeons strive to improve patients’ appearance and self-image through both reconstructive and cosmetic procedures.